llama (Lama glama)
The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated livestock species that is a descendent of the guanaco (Lama guanicoe) and a member of the Camelidae (South American camel family) (order Artiodactyla). The llama is mostly employed as a pack animal, although it also provides food, wool, skins, tallow for candles, and dry dung for fuel. Llamas are mostly found in Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina, but they have also been exported to other nations.
History Of Llamas
Lamoids include llamas, guanacos, vicuas (Vicugna vicugna), and alpacas (Vicugna pacos). Llamas and other lamoids, unlike camels, do not have the classic camel humps; instead, they are slender-bodied animals with long legs and necks, short tails, small heads, and enormous pointed ears. They eat on grass and other vegetation and are gregarious animals. They spit when they are irritated. Lamoids have the ability to interbreed and generate viable offspring.
The largest of the four lamoid species is the llama. At the shoulder, it measures 120 cm (47 inches), with most males weighing between 136 and 181.4 kg (300 and 400 pounds) and females weighing between 104.3 and 158.7 kg (230 and 350 pounds). A llama weighing 113 kilograms (250 pounds) can carry 45–60 kilograms and traverse 25 to 30 kilometers (15 to 20 miles) per day. On the desolate Andean plateaus and mountains, the llama’s great thirst tolerance, endurance, and ability to eat a wide variety of forage make it a useful transport animal.
When overworked or mistreated, the llama will lie down, hiss, spit, and kick, refusing to move. From November through May, llamas reproduce in the (Southern Hemispheric) late summer and fall. The female goes through an 11-month gestation phase before giving birth to one child. The llama, which is normally white, can be solid black or brown, or white with black or brown patterning.